A harvest festival of the tribal community of Meghalaya. Meghalaya is one of the Northeastern states which is popular for the rich heritage and culture. It is also well known for its indigenous music and festivals. There are a number of festivals that are celebrated in the state with great zeal and enthusiasm. Some of these festivals include Shad Nongkrem, Wangala, and Shad Suk Mynsiem etc. The people of the state celebrate all these festivals to highlight their culture and also to preserve their ethnicity in today’s modern world.
The Behdienkhlam festival is one of the major festivals of Meghalaya, which is celebrated to pray for the good health, property and healthy harvest of the people. It is mostly celebrated in the Jaintia District of Meghalaya which is 64 kms away from the capital city Shillong. This cultural festival is celebrated every year in the month of July i.e. after the sowing period and is considered as one of the important dance festivals of the Jaintia tribe of Meghalaya. Although this festival is celebrated in other regions of Meghalaya, the main festival is celebrated in Jowai which is one of the well-known places in Jaintia hills.
According to a belief, Jowai was once a thick forest and was home to five deities, four stones and a river rymph. The four stones can still be seen from the four corners of Jowai town. However, the five deities wished for a human presence in the region and so a wandering Mongolian tribe appeared in the region. So, in order to celebrate the presence of humans, the eldest deity named ‘U-Mokhai’ started a ceremonial dance. This way the festival of Behdeinkhlam started to be celebrated in the state.